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Minimize menuMaximize menuHomeConsumer Goods & RetailToys & Juvenile ProductsPremiums & Novelty ItemsEU Toy Safety DirectiveChemical Requirements

Chemical Requirements

Chemical testing to the requirements of the European Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC (TSD) and other applicable legislation by SGS verifies a toy’s compliance and ensures children and end-users are protected.

The EN 71 chemical standard series, which came into force in July 2013, can be used to demonstrate compliance to the TSD. The soluble elements in the TSD (EN 71-3 – Migration of certain elements) have three sets of toy material categories and limits (see table). Toys entering the EU market must not only meet the chemical requirements of the TSD but also all other applicable EU legislation, such as REACH, CLP, RoHS Recast, Battery, Food Contact and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), and national legislation such as the Danish Statutory Order 855 of September 5 2009 (phthalates).

Benefit from SGS chemical expertise to ensure toy compliance on the EU market.

What are the chemical requirements?

Carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances (CMRs): CMRs are chemical substances that may be harmful to human health. Their use in toys, in toy components and micro-structurally distinct parts of toys, is prohibited. There are a small number of exceptions, when the presence of a CMR is:

  • Within the concentration limits specified in Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on the Classification, Labeling and Packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP)
  • Inaccessible to children (including inhalation)
  • Evaluated and accepted by the Scientific Committee; nickel in stainless steel and intended to conduct an electric current is accepted, other applications can be submitted for assessment by the Scientific Committee

N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances (EN 71-12): N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances are banned in toys for children under 36 months and in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth, such as rubber, elastomers, or finger paints, unless the migration levels are:

  • No more than 0.05 mg/kg for N-nitrosamines
  • No more than 1 mg/kg for N-nitrosatable substances

Migration of certain elements (EN 71-3): The EU Toy Safety Directive includes the restriction of 19 toxic elements. These restriction limits are dependent on the toy material category:

  • Category 1: Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
  • Category 2: Liquid or sticky
  • Category 3: Scraped-off
Directive 2009/48/EC (EN 71-3)
ELEMENT Toy Material
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
(mg/kg)
Liquid or sticky toy
(mg/kg)
Scraped off
(mg/kg)
Aluminium (Al) 5,625 1,406 70,000
Antimony (Sb) 45 11.3 560
Arsenic (As) 3.8 0.9 47
Barium (Ba) 1,500 375 18,750
Boron (B) 1,200 300 15,000
Cadmium (Cd) 1.3 0.3 17
Chromium (Cr) (III) 37.5 9.4 460
Chromium (Cr) (VI) 0.02 0.005 0.2
Cobalt (Co) 10.5 2.6 130
Copper (Cu) 622.5 156 7,700
Lead (Pb) 13.5 3.4 160
Manganese (Mg) 1,200 300 15,000
Mercury (Hg) 7.5 1.9 94
Nickel (Ni) 75 18.8 930
Selenium (Se) 37.5 9.4 460
Strontium (Sr) 4,500 1,125 56,000
Tin (Sn) 15,000 3,750 180,000
Organic Tin 0.9 0.2 12
Zinc (Zn) 3,750 938 46,000

Allergenic fragrances: 55 listed allergenic fragrances may not be used in toys unless their presence is technically unavoidable under good manufacturing practice and each does not exceed 100 mg/kg. An additional 11 allergenic fragrances must be listed on the toy, on an affixed label, on its packaging or in an accompanying leaflet, if the concentration exceeds 100 mg/kg.

Chemical Safety Assessments

The EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC also requires manufacturers to carry out an analysis of the chemical hazards that a toy may present and an assessment of the potential exposures to them. We have a dedicated tool and the expertise to help you complete the chemical safety assessment.

Why choose chemical testing from SGS?

Recognized for our expertise and worldwide network of laboratories, our chemical testing and assessment services can help you to meet all the EU chemical compliance requirements for toys. Chemical requirements for toys are continuously evolving and our chemical experts constantly follow these changes to ensure clients understand the complex requirements and help them to optimize their restricted substances management system.

Protect children and other end users from chemicals and heavy metals with our chemical testing services. Contact SGS today to find out more.

Email us
Physical /Mechanical Safety AssessmentLeafletEU Toy Directive: Partner with SGS for the physical /mechanical safety assessment of your toysChildren explore toys in ways that are easily overlooked at the design stage. From risk of death from choking on small parts to pinch, puncture and ...
En 71-3:2013LeafletEU Toy Directive: Ensure compliance to EN 71-3:2013EN 71-3:2013 (migration of certain elements) has been published by CEN on June 5 and harmonised under the EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC (TSD) on ...
Chemical Safety AssessmentLeafletEU Toy Directive: Partner with SGS for the Chemical Safety Assessment of your toysBefore placing a toy on the market, you need to conduct an analysis of the chemical hazards that it may present and an assessment of the potential ...

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