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Minimize menuMaximize menuHomeConsumer Goods & RetailToys & Juvenile ProductsPremiums & Novelty ItemsEU Toy Safety DirectiveFlammability & Physical Requirements

Flammability and Physical Requirements

SGS testing according to EN 71-1 and EN 71-2 ensures toys meet the specific physical and flammability requirements of the EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC.

Children explore toys in ways that are easily overlooked at the design stage. From the risk of choking on small parts, to pinch, puncture and entrapment injuries, no one wants to risk the life or health of a child with poorly designed toys. The objective of physical and flammability testing is to avoid injury and minimize the risk of recalls.

EN 71-1 – Mechanical and physical properties specifies requirements and test methods for toys. To ensure there are no hazardous sharp edges, sharp points and small parts or other potential hazards, testing includes:

  • Construction analysis
  • Strength, stability
  • Sharp edges, points
  • Small parts
  • Acoustic
  • Impact test
  • Compression test
  • Torque and tension test
  • Seam test
  • Performance test
  • Dynamic strength test

EN 71-2 – Flammability specifies the categories of flammable material that are prohibited in all toys. The standard focuses on reducing the risk of burn injuries. It includes both general requirements relating to all toys and specific requirements and test methods for the following toys, which are considered as being those presenting the greatest hazards:

  • Toys to be worn on the face or head (beards, moustaches, wigs, masks, hoods, head-dresses, etc.) but excluding paper novelty hats of the type usually supplied in party crackers
  • Toy costumes and toys intended to be worn by a child in play
  • Toys intended to be entered by a child
  • Soft toys

Tests verify the rate of spread of a flame or the maximum ‘after flame time’. These measures are intended to allow a child to drop the toy, or become distanced from it, before serious injury occurs.

EN 71-1 and EN 71-2 are important standards to meet, but other EN Standards and requirements must also be met. Our global network of toy testing laboratories can conduct all the tests required by the Toy Safety Directive in a quick and effective manner to smooth your toys’ route to the market.

Regulatory expertise

Frequent updates to standards and regulations can make compliance a challenge, but our technical team is always up to date with the latest changes. Rely on our expertise to protect your business.

Keep children safe, eliminate risks and protect your brand. Partner with SGS, to meet your EU Toy Safety Directive testing requirements.

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Physical /Mechanical Safety AssessmentLeafletEU Toy Directive: Partner with SGS for the physical /mechanical safety assessment of your toysChildren explore toys in ways that are easily overlooked at the design stage. From risk of death from choking on small parts to pinch, puncture and ...
En 71-3:2013LeafletEU Toy Directive: Ensure compliance to EN 71-3:2013EN 71-3:2013 (migration of certain elements) has been published by CEN on June 5 and harmonised under the EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC (TSD) on ...
Chemical Safety AssessmentLeafletEU Toy Directive: Partner with SGS for the Chemical Safety Assessment of your toysBefore placing a toy on the market, you need to conduct an analysis of the chemical hazards that it may present and an assessment of the potential ...


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